In the last Montessori article we have already dealt with the design of the children's room, the equipment of the children's room and the age-appropriate furnishing of the children's room. In the process, the topic of safety has always played a certain role as well.
In today's Montessori article, we focus on safety in the children's room. We deal with all the important aspects and show how you can safely design and furnish your child's room. We wish you a pleasant read!
Children's room in the home
The children's room is one of the most important places for children: In this room they play, romp, learn, cuddle and, of course, sleep. In order for children to feel completely comfortable in their room, parents should proceed with care and consideration when furnishing and designing it. This already begins with the selection of the room in the home for the child.
In Switzerland, as well as in the entire DACH region, there are no regulations or legal provisions that specify a minimum size for children's rooms.
However, there are specified minimum sizes for children's rooms in some cantons, federal states, when it comes to funding for construction projects. Accordingly, rooms occupied by one child should usually have a size of at least ten square meters. If two children share a room, the room should have a minimum area of twelve square meters.
These minimum sizes for children's rooms are not enough for some experts. They recommend premises with at least 14 square meters - better still 18 square meters - floor space, since the children's room is used multifunctionally for living, sleeping and, if necessary, working / learning by the child.
However, since apartments - especially in urban areas - are currently mostly in short supply, it is unfortunately often not possible to choose the size of the room, so you have to make cutbacks when determining the size of the children's room. A separate room with privacy for the child should be aimed for by the parents in any case, even if this may mean that they have to limit themselves.
The location of the child's room within the apartment or house is a factor that parents should also consider. If the child is still small, it is recommended that the children's room be set up near the parents' bedroom. In this way, the parents hear the offspring better and are with him faster. If the toddler is already mobile himself, he will only have to walk short distances in the dark at night to get to his parents if the children's room is next to the parents' room.
Safety in the children's room - children's furniture
Furniture for children is subject to very special requirements, since it often serves not only its intended function, but also as playground equipment, especially for children in kindergarten up to elementary school age. - Thus the children's bed becomes a trampoline or the laundry chest a climbing frame. It goes without saying that the children's furniture must not only be attractive, but above all stable and well made.
Ideally, the corners of children's furniture are rounded to minimize the risk of injury. Alternatively, you can also equip individual pieces of furniture with special protective products to make the children's room even safer in this respect.
Drawers of chests of drawers and closets in the children's room should not be able to be pulled out completely from the carcass to prevent the pull-outs from falling on the child's feet. In addition, wardrobe furniture and shelves should be screwed to the walls for additional security, so that they do not fall over and possibly bury the child underneath them when the child "romps" on the furniture. Our best examples for these are:
Creating opportunities for your toddler to get dressed on their own and care for themselves and their clothing can help build their confidence and independence.
- Material: massive beech wood, birch plywood, water based lacquer
- Dimensions: 76 х 100 х 34 cm / 100 x 40 x 34 cm
Montessori shelf white
The children should have easy access to their belongings. This toy shelf is a practical and functional piece of furniture which will stay with your child for many yea
- Material: massive beech wood, birch plywood, water based lacquer
- Dimensions: 76 х 50 х 34 cm
Safety in the children's room - toys
Generally, toys should have safety marks such as the GS mark. Electrical toys and appliances should have the VDE seal of approval. According to the Toy Directive, the CE mark must be present on every toy.
When it comes to toys, you should still pay attention to age-group-specific warnings. This includes information such as "Not suitable for children under three years: small parts may be swallowed". This should be adhered to and children should only ever be given age-appropriate toys.
Before new toys are purchased for the child or given to the child, they should be carefully considered and evaluated according to safety aspects. The following questions should be asked:
- Are there sharp corners or sharp edges?
- Can the child crush or pinch himself somewhere? (This is especially important for toys with foldable parts).
- Are larger toys on which the child is supposed to sit stable? Are they tip-proof?
- Are colored toys, such as painted wooden building blocks, saliva- and sweat-proof?
- Are the toys generally well made and unbreakable?
The existing toy stock should be checked regularly for its condition. Broken things should better be removed from the children's room.
Safety in the children's room - electricity and electrical appliances
Toddlers are often fascinated by electrical appliances and sockets. Almost every day, children have accidents when handling electric current. For this reason, parents should pay special attention in the children's room as well as in all other rooms of the home and provide all sockets with special fuses for the so-called protective contacts. Child-proof fuses for sockets or child-proof sockets prevent children from reaching into the socket or inserting something into the socket.
There should be as few electrical appliances in the children's room as possible. The cables of existing appliances should be neat, tidy and secure. A tangle of cables poses the risk of the child getting tangled or even strangled in them.
For electrical appliances that are operated in the children's room, the mains voltage should be a maximum of 24 volts. In this context, it is worth mentioning that this is even mandatory for devices that are intended for predominant use by children.
In general, only electrical appliances and cables that are technically flawless should be used in the household with children. If an electrical appliance breaks, it should be replaced immediately or sent for professional repair.
Security in the children's room - window security
When playing at the window, there have been many a nasty accident in the children's room. For this reason, the windows of the room should be equipped with special fuses or safety measures that prevent the child from opening a window completely and thus possibly falling out.
A simple method of securing the windows in the child's room is to use lockable window handles. Alternatively, there are security systems with bolts, which often not only prevent unauthorized opening of the window, but at the same time ensure that the window can not be easily closed by the child. In this way, the child can be prevented from getting his fingers caught in the window when he pushes it shut.
Safety in the children's room - keeping things tidy
Accidents are less likely to occur in a tidy children's room. Toys lying around often become a nasty tripping hazard. For this reason, you should strive for an order system in the children's room, which is appropriate for the age of the child and supports the child in keeping his own room tidy and orderly.
Safety in the children's room - ergonomics at the learning place
Safe learning - ergonomic learning space in the children's roomIn order to prevent posture problems during the growth phase, the workplace or learning space in the children's room of school children should be ergonomically furnished. The child's desk and desk chair should be optimally matched to each other and, of course, to the child.
In order for the child to be able to sit and work at the desk in the children's room comfortably and in a way that is suitable for the body, posture and the correct angle of the thighs and lower legs as well as the upper arms and forearms are of decisive importance.
Ideal is children's furniture for the work area that grows with the child, i.e. desk chairs and desks for children that can be adjusted in height.
When the child is seated on the desk chair, he or she should be able to place his or her feet fully on the floor and the angle between the thigh and lower leg should be 90°. At the same time, the back of the chair should have a slight backward tilt so that the angle formed by the thigh and back is approximately 105° (+/- 10°).
The top of the desk should be able to tilt, and the inclination should be at least 16°. To prevent work materials from sliding off the desk when the top is tilted, it should have a ledge or similar support at the bottom. The mechanism for setting up the desk top should be such that the top is properly fixed and cannot fall off. In addition, the mechanism should also be easy to operate by the child and should not pose any risks of crushed fingers or the like.
To complete the ergonomic workplace of the child still needs the right light. The lighting should be positioned in such a way that the child is not dazzled on the one hand and does not cast a shadow on his working materials on the other.
Montessori.Store is an established Swiss Toy Shop specializing in the design and manufacture of ethically produced wooden toys and furniture to provide children with entertainment and imaginative play while supporting their developmental stages. We offer a wide range of different toys and furniture for the nursery. For more information, visit our collections or contact our team today.